Submission – Tamar Hopkins

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Dr Tamar Hopkins has been working in the area of police accountability and racism since 2005. She was the founding lawyer of the Police Accountability Project at Flemington & Kensington Community Legal Centre in Melbourne Australia in 2009.

This submission is Dr Hopkins’ PhD Doctorate Thesis submitted in 2022, entitled “Understanding Racial Profiling in Australia.” Drawing on the conceptualisation developed by Epp, Maynard-Moody and Haider-Markel that racial profiling is the disproportionate use of unjustified police power against racial and ethnic minorities, this thesis asks: does racial profiling exist in Australia? Dr Hopkins then develop three methodologies to answer this question.

The submission is published by UNSW and available at

Date: 22 May 2023